Chevrolet is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). It is the top selling GM marque, with "Chevrolet" or "Chevy" being at times synonymous with GM. Chevrolet was founded by Louis Chevrolet(Swiss-French) and William C. Durant (American). Louis Chevrolet was a race car driver, and William Durant, founder of General Motors, had been forced out of GM in 1910. He wanted to use Chevrolet's designs to rebuild his own reputation as a force in the automobile industry. Chevrolet first used its "bowtie" logo in 1913. It is said to have been designed from wallpaper Durant once saw in a French hotel. Another theory is that it is a stylized version either of the shape of Switzerland or the cross on the flag of Switzerland, Louis Chevrolet's birthplace. Chevrolet offers 18 vehicles and many different enhanced versions in its home market. The vehicles range from subcompact cars to medium duty commercial trucks. Chevrolet's best selling model in the United States is the Silverado pickup. Chevrolet continues to be the best in performance, price, MPG, and value leader for General Motors North America. Famous Chevy models include the large and luxurious Impala 1958 and the innovative air cooled rear engine, Corvair. Chevrolet had a great influence on the American automobile market during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1957, Chevy made the first fuel injected engine. In 1963, one out of every ten cars sold in the United States was a Chevrolet.
1955 - The basic Chevrolet small-block V8 design was introduces and has remained in continuous production since its debut, longer than any other mass produced engine in the world. Descendants of the basic small-block OHV V8 design platform in production today have been much modified with advances such as aluminium block and heads, electronic engine management and sequential port fuel injection.
2008 - The small block Chevrolet V8 is used in current production model, Impala sedans, a variety of light and medium duty Chevrolet trucks, and the current generation Corvette sports car. Depending on the vehicle type, they are built in displacements from 4.8 to 7.0 litres with outputs ranging from 180 to 638 horsepower 476 kW as installed at the factory. It will also be used as a performance option in the forthcoming 2009 model, revival of the Chevrolet Camaro. The engine design has also been used over the years in GM products built and sold under the Pontiac. Oldsmobile, Buick, Opel Germany and Holden Australia nameplates. Recently, a 6litre, 400 horsepower 300 kW version of the small-block V8 designed initially for the C6 Corvette has been installed in a factory built high performance version of the Cadillac CTS sedan known as the CTS-V.